Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $2.137 trillion;
per capita $35,100.
Real growth rate: 3.1%.
Arable land: 23%.
Agriculture: cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables;
cattle, sheep, poultry; fish.
Labor force: 30.07 million;
machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding,
aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals,
coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing,
Natural resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk,
gypsum, lead, silica, arable land.
Exports: $468.8 billion f.o.b.
(2006 est.): manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco.
Imports: $603 billion f.o.b.
(2006 est.): manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs.
Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, France, Ireland, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Italy, China (2004).